Without looking for specific figures, there were a lot of the early carded figures (Avengers and Justice League) that were dealt damage after using a special power, but they would also get some kind of benefit, so it's not really the same.
Deadpool is the only one that I can think of that has the positive balanced with the negative. AE Norman Osborne kind of does as well, since you roll to see which character he can change to.
MERCY OR MURDER: THE COIN DECIDES: Once per turn, before you give an action to Two-Face during your turn, roll a d6. On a result of 1-3, Two-Face can use Incapacitate until the end of your turn. On a result of 4-6 Two-Face can use Psychic Blast until the end of your turn. (Two-Face is not required to be given an action after you make this roll.)
I have a replica coin from the Dark Knight film that I use instead of a d6